Historians have proposed two major theories of Igbo origins.

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After the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, British companies pushed beyond the coastal areas and aggressively pursued control of the interior.

The Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, created in 1900, included Igboland.

Until 1960, Nigeria remained a British colony, and the Igbo were British subjects.

On October 1, 1960, Nigeria became an independent nation structured as a federation of states.

Igboland is located in southeastern Nigeria, with a total land area of about 15,800 square miles (about 41,000 square kilometers). The low-lying deltas and riberbank areas are heavily inundated during the rainy season, and are very fertile. The Udi highlands are the only coal-mining area in West Africa.

It is difficult to obtain accurate census figures for either the Igbo or for Nigeria as a whole.

The Igbo population is estimated to be between 5 and 6 million.

The Igbo are the second largest group of people living in southern Nigeria.

They are socially and culturally diverse, consisting of many subgroups.